Any dog owner wants to have a docile and sociable animal, with which he/ she can go out into the world without stress. To reach this desideratum, you will have to do some consistent training work, which must be started since the dog is just a puppy.
Early socialization is essential for the character formation of the future adult dog. In the case of puppies, this process must be supervised daily by the owner in order for the animal to learn how to behave and how to interact with the people around them, as well as with other animals.
The owner must take the dog to other people and other pets, allowing them to interact under strict surveillance. He/ she will also have to involve their quadruped friend in activities as various as possible, to develop their and their confidence around people and other animals. A dog must be frequently taken out for walks, allowed to run in areas where they can be supervised, and be taught to play nicely.
Cynologists have noticed that the ideal age to start the dog’s education is 8 weeks. From this moment the puppy begins be aware of the surrounding world, so the owner can start laying the foundations for the construction of the adult personality of the animal. Between 8 and 16 weeks, the puppy is like a sponge, programmed to assimilate as much information as possible. Even if their character will continue to be polished, it is important what they learn now. That is why it is mandatory socialize the animal early. A small effort made for several months, ensures at least 10 years of peace and satisfaction in the company of our best friend.
A properly socialized and trained dog is a safe dog. The lack of education and socialization in pups has negative repercussions on their temperament, later in life. Puppies who have little or not contact with humans and other animals at all, will become fearful and very stressed in new, unknown circumstances. Fear leads to aggression, which is one behavior that you must do your best to prevent.
In the first months of life, the puppy must be socialized daily, in order not to develop states of fear or anxiety.
Through the power of habit, dogs will learn to react naturally to different stimuli, every time they are put in a situation they have been already. Becoming familiar with other people and animals will make the dog’s behavior more predictable, thus safer.
An effective method of exposing the puppy to new stimuli after the age of 6 months is that of the reward. Every time the dog interacts with a new animal or person, knows a new space or hears a sound that he has never encountered before, must be calmed down, accommodated to the stimulus and then rewarded. After the age of 6-8 months, the dog begins to create its own preferences related to the people, animals and places.
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